TL;DR: If you are here just for the fix (Which I would if I was you), the actual fixes are at the bottom of the post. Just search “TL;DR”.
After 8 years, my Haswell-era laptop was showing sign of age. While the CPU was never really a blocking point, despite being a low-power variant, the RAM had been the maximum of 12 GB for a couple of years and, modern apps being what they are, it was no longer possible to run Firefox alongside and a virtual machine. A choice had to be made between the experimentation environment and the documentation. Not ideal.
Aside from this, the screen was proudly exposing its scars and the Bluetooth device convinced me that, to listen to music, the best was to use a smartphone instead.
The time had come to select a new tool for the years to come. It had to be reasonably nice visually, have a good processor, at least 16 GB of memory and 1 TB of NVMe, ideally a decent screen to watch movies (Yeah, I know, not only coding. So weird.) and, more importantly be future-proof. By future-proof, I mean that the target machine had to be modern enough to not be obsolete from day-1 and be upgrade-able, i.e. no soldered RAM modules.
I went for, you guessed it, an HP Envy x360 with an OLED screen and hoped for the best.
After struggling with Chronopost (A traditional French rite of passage), I finally received the machine, only 1 week after ordering it. Not bad for Chrono-delays.
Quite surprisingly, a live Ubuntu 22.10 just worked. The Alder Lake GPU was correctly detected, the sound and Bluetooth was working out of the box, video play was smooth, switching to tablet mode was a bit quirky as it was entering plane mode at the same time but nothing too terrible for such modern hardware. Looks like hardware vendors managed to enable everything. Even though I forgot to test it before installing, the Webcam also was a good surprise and worked out of the box. Really cool.
So let’s install it with full disk encryption, enroll MOK keys and reboot!
I said ‘reboot’, not ‘go to black screen after Grub’. I said… Whatever.
Getting things to work
Back to reality. While the live-usb was working just fine, the installed system was just turning off the screen. Pretty counter-intuitive.
After trying multiple dead-ends, variants of installer incantation and noticing that the
nomodeset kernel parameter was at least getting a display to work, without
any acceleration of course, I sat down and stopped random-engineering.
I knew for a fact that the graphical stack, including the display was working just fine on the live USB. When installing the exact same code without applying any upgrades the display was broken. Given this, the only possible differences were the Grub configuration file the initrd. That is to say, the 2 dynamically generated parts in the boot process.
Ruling out grub.cfg was fortunately easy. Merely a matter of trimming it to match the live USB variant. Which is, a much, much, shorter file. Guess which variant was hand-crafted.
unmkinitramfs on both the Live USB initrd and the installed system’s initrd
quickly revealed that the graphical drivers and firmware were simply not there… on the
installed system. Just adding
i915 to the list of modules to inject in the initrd did
not help, likely because it only brought the drivers, without the code to actually use it.
FRAMEBUFFER=y and re-generating the initrd did the trick. And I’m still amazed
that I can boot my machine.
While I was having dinner with my wife and children, the machine went to sleep. One would think it legitimately got bored out. But it then expressed it discontent by throwing a colorful pixel salad at me. Read: This infamous screen flickering.
Hopefully, after some searches, I found a list of ~10 incantations to try on the driver in sequence to hopefully get it to cooperate. That was a bit frightening since the test cycle involves configuring Grub, rebooting, triggering suspend and trying the next combination via SSH, should the “pixel salad” come back.
This time, I got lucky, the first incantation was the one: Adding
i915.enable_psr=0 i915.enable_fbc=1 to the kernel command line. This disabled the “Panel
Self Refresh”, which is unfortunately a power saving feature while forcing on the frame
buffer compression, which is also a power saving feature. At least, nothing too
terrible like limiting the sleep states.
With these small fixes, the biggest hurdles were behind me. There remained this issue with the screen (it, again) where the transition from regular laptop to tablet was entering plane mode (and sometime also exiting it). Nothing terrible, at least the workaround is easy (just turn the network back on), but not ideal ideal.
Surely, there is a way to handle this?
It turns out, there is. This was the occasion to familiarize myself with the huge modernization efforts around input handling in Linux and discover “libinput” (don’t laugh at me. It’s rarely needed to build a Linux distribution for a self-driving car :))
sudo libinput debug-events confirmed that
KEY_RFKILL was being repeatedly
“pressed” when rotating the screen. Ironically, now that I look at it, this machine
terribly lacks such a key. And it would have been a great addition.
The real important information was that this event was sent by ’event16’ better known as “Intel HID events” in this specific machine. After reading some very helpful libinput documentation and running a couple of commands, I was able to mute this ghost key with a custom quirk file and a reboot.
In the process, I quickly came to realize that using the “Function” keys required to
Fn key simultaneously. Of course, there is no keyboard “Fn lock” or equivalent,
but this was easily toggled from the BIOS.
With all this, there remains only 1 itch to scratch (at least for now). When in tablet mode, the screen can freely rotate up/down/left/right, but when in laptop mode, in can only auto-rotate left/right. So, if the screen comes back from tablet mode upside down, then I need to go back to tablet, rotate it and go back to laptop mode. Fortunately, there is a Gnome extension just for that: https://extensions.gnome.org/extension/5389/screen-rotate/.
Getting it all together (aka: TL;DR)
Fixing the black screen on boot:
echo 'FRAMEBUFFER=y' | sudo tee /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/hp-envy-x360-quirk sudo update-initramfs -c -k all
Fixing the screen flickering after suspend / sleep:
echo 'GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash i915.enable_psr=0 i915.enable_fbc=1"' | sudo tee /etc/default/grub.d/hp-envy-x360-quirk.cfg sudo update-grub
Fixing ghost “rkfill” events when rotating the screen:
cat <<EOF | sudo tee -a /etc/libinput/local-overrides.quirks [HP Envy x360 ew0xxx IntelHID] MatchName=Intel HID events MatchDMIModalias=dmi:*svnHP:pnHPENVYx360* AttrEventCodeDisable=EV_KEY:0xf7; EOF systemctl reboot
Warning: The syntax of this file is NOT stable. Actually, the version on “main”
branch would need something like
AttrEventCode=-EV_KEY:0xf7; at the time of writing.
Update 2023-02-15: This was actually not the right way to do it. The proper way is
to add an entry in systemd’s
hwdb. The fix is now upstream.
Always enable automatic screen orientation/rotation
Install Gnome extension https://extensions.gnome.org/extension/5389/screen-rotate/
Toggling “Fn Lock” to get the F1-F12 by default:
- Enter the BIOS/UEFI Setup utility
- Set “Action key mode” to “Enabled”
- Save and reboot
5 days after receiving this new machine, It’s a surprisingly good experience. Surely, there were some troubles during the bringup, but all had a solution, and, let’s face it: I truly enjoyed the challenge (had it failed, this would be a completely different story…).
And this post is written from my new machine. Farewell Haswell-era laptop, and thanks for all these years!